Causes of Gender Bias in Development

There are several reasons that cause gender bias in development, including the following:

1. Subordination

The assumption that seeing a woman as irrational, emotional, she cannot lead and therefore must be in her nature as a woman. There is an assumption that women do not need secondary school, because women are only in the kitchen. Another requirement is that the government has a regulation that the husband will go to study (far from the family) he can make his own decisions. Conversely, for wives who want to study abroad, they must get permission from their husbands. In households we still often hear if their finances are very limited, and they have to make decisions for their children so they can go to school, so boys get top priority. The practice actually departs from an unjust awareness.

2. Stereotype

This symptom is often used as a melt in a certain group. Less than this, stereotypes always harm and cause injustice. Stereotypes given to certain ethnic groups such as China, Madura, Arabic and others. One source of stereotypes is gender views. Suppose a label that starts from the assumption that women who preen in order to attract the attention of the opposite sex, then every case of sexual violence or sexual harassment is always associated with this label. Many cases of rape experienced by women, the tendency of people to blame their victims. The community considers women's work to only serve their husbands. This stereotype greatly influences the education of nomadic women and second. These female stereotypes are everywhere. Like government regulations, the rules of religion, culture, and habits of society develop because of this stereotype.

3. Violence

Violence against fellow human beings comes from various sources, but one of the violence against one sex is caused by gender assumptions. Violence is caused by the inequality of treatment in society. Various types and forms of crime that can be categorized as gender violence include:

    First, the form of rape of women, including marriage. Rape occurs if someone wants to get sexual services without the willingness of the person concerned
    Second, beatings and non-physical attacks that occur in the household (domestic violence), including violence against children (child abuse).
    Third, the forms of torture that lead to genital organs, such as female circumcision.
    Fourth, prostitution, which is the practice of prostitution, is the oppression of women organized by an economic system that endangers women.
    Fifth, violence in the form of pornography, this violence is non-physical, namely harassment of women where the female body is used as an object for one's benefit
    Sixth, covert violence (molestation), which is holding or touching a part of a woman's body in various ways and opportunities without willingness.

4. Women Exclusion and Seclusion

Women Exclusion can be interpreted as an effort in policies that appear to "marginalize women" in many aspects. The opposite is Women Inclusion where women are involved and are considered as important factors of production. Whereas seclusion is an understanding that believes the view that women must be at home and only fit to do homework. This could be due to cultural factors of the local community, as well as the influence of the interpretation of religious texts which are narrow and male biased.

5. Women's discrimination

A different view of women tends to put women in a lower position.

6. Home Workers

In the context of this term are women who work at home alone, but are orders / orders from employers outside the home. This work is very burdensome for women, because there are no rules for working hours and other facilities. As a result, because of the pressure to obtain maximum production, Santa women are suppressed by a system like this.

7. Marginalization and Exploitation of Women

Marginalization means the same as the process of poverty and impoverishment. Although in the general definition it is understood that poverty is a life experience experienced by anyone, but in this context, systemic impoverishment is actually experienced by certain sexes, namely women. State policy, beliefs and traditions, religious interpretations, or scientific assumptions, may be the culprit of this defamation of women.

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