Occupation and Mental Illness

Post-colonial thinkers are certainly very familiar with Frantz Fanon. Fanon was born in Algeria at a time when French colonialism was still overtaking his country. In his intellectual journey, he contributed a lot to developing the psychology of Marxism. His works are more read by revolutionaries than psychologists and psychiatrists. His personality who was directly involved in the war resulted in him being seen only as a figure in the history of the revolution. His name as someone who has contributed to the liberation of the psychology of Algerian society is not so obvious.

His writings are based on his field experience while being a psychiatrist during the Algerian war. From various reviews given, Fanon actually wanted to tell us that mental illness was caused by a lame social system. To solve this problem, the community should replace the lame system with the new system by means of revolution.

One of the many found by fanatics in Algerian society is the process of self-destruction. He noted that what always remained in the indigenous tribe was uncontrollable emotion. Indigenous tribes are trapped in the chain of colonialism. But if studied more deeply, the invaders only create hallucinations to the community so they feel scared. While indigenous tribes pitted sheep with other indigenous tribes. The colonists maintain that tribal internal hostility remains lasting.

The perpetuation of this tribal war will certainly perpetuate invaders to exploit crops. According to Fanon, the weakness of the colony is high compliance with the leadership. So that people who feel under them will always do anything including having to be hostile to their brothers, sisters, or their own father. This is the cruel Colonial system.

Colonial survival in Algeria according to Fanon was also caused by mythology that developed in colonized societies. Magic, ghosts and occult objects are still strong beliefs. People are more afraid of this mythology when compared to those who have infected indigenous people for years. Thus the public's mind about the power and arbitrariness of the invaders gradually faded into the mythology of society.

Coupled with other psychological traps that deliberately continued to be planted by the invaders. The complexity of frustration, the complexity of warring countries, the complexity of colonized countries, the complexity of laziness and so forth. This is what Fanon calls a mental illness. Not to mention the women who were raped by French soldiers. They do it at will.

In his book Black Skind and White Mask, Fanon examined the desires of Mauritanian natives to become citizens of France as well as Fanon. The result of this effort seems to bring significant results. Fanon managed to become black psychiatrist in Algeria, so he lost his identity as a colonized person. But in the condition of becoming a psychiatrist this is Fanon increasingly understand about the impact of colonialism. The understanding of the invaders who oppressed the nation began to change, then an energy flowed to make a revolution.

Fanon understood more about the whole revolution in Algeria. From his reading comprehension of Marx, his understanding of the overall colonial dominance was increasingly clearly illustrated. France itself as a Colonial State never played to apply psychological dominance to the Algerians.

According to him, the overall racism that occurred in France concerning economic, political and social issues transformed into a codification of psychology which explained a series of initial facts from imperialism. It is this imperealism which always makes the natives always be bowed down and become the mausoleum as desired by imperiumism.

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